Battle of Savage's Station
The Battle of Savage's Station occurred on June 29, 1862 outside of Richmond, Virginia as part of the American Civil War. After their loss at the Battle of Gaines' Mill, the Union Army of the Potomac began retreating toward the James River. As they retreated, they were attacked by Confederate troop under the command of General John Magruder. Federal troops were forced to continue withdrawing while abandoning wounded troops and any supplies they could not destroy.
Backstory and Context
Confederate General Robert E. Lee came up with plan to pursue and destroy the retreating Union army. He ordered General Magruder to move along Williamsburg Road and the York River Railroad to attack the Federal rear guard. He would then link up with Stonewall Jackson's forces and deliver a huge blow to the retreating federal troops. However, Jackson was unable to make it in time to carry out the plan.
The battle was ultimately a stalemate with the Union losing roughly twice the number of casualties compared to the Confederacy (950-444). However, the Union was also without the hundreds of wounded they had to leave behind during their retreat. The wounded were from both the Battle of Gaines' Mill and Savage Station (there were about 2,500 wounded). By the time Stonewall Jackson's forces arrived they had missed their chance. Most of the Army of the Potomac crossed White Oak Swamp Creek as they retreated toward the James River. The Confederacy was then tasked with caring for these Union wounded, later to be their prisoners of war. Lee and Army would the next day continue their attacks on McClellan's retreating army, as the Union returned to their base of operations at Fortress Monroe, located on the Virginia coast outside of the town of Hampton. Savage Station would be another humiliating defeat for McClellan and Lincoln.