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While the current sanctuary of Cartersville Baptist Church was constructed in 1979, the congregation is over 150 years old. African American families organized the congregation during the Civil War and pooled their resources to construct a building at this site. That church building also served as a school prior to the creation of a the first Black public school. The first two churches were destroyed by fire during the Civil Rights Movement, and arson was suspected although no one was arrested. The congregation persisted and rebuilt their church both times the sanctuary was destroyed in the 1950s and 1970s.

Cartersville Baptist Church, by Craig Swain on

Cartersville Baptist Church, by Craig Swain on

In 1846, a formerly enslaved woman named Bethia Fairfax obtained 27 acres of land and her daughter would later donate that property to build the first church at this site. Prior to that time, African American residents held religious services in private homes and formed their own congregation as early as 1863. Bethia Fairfax's daughter, Rose Carter, donated her land to support the church in 1903. The resulting church building served the residents of Cartersville and nearby Woodentown. In the first half of the twentieth century, the building was used as the home of a school. In 1939, a new public school was constructed in Vienna that was open to Black children in the era of segregation. However, many children still had no way to attend that school until members of this church funded the children's transportation to the school at their own expense.

Because of the multiple instances of rebuilding, the current structure has multiple engraved cornerstones. The first cornerstone reads, "Cartersville Baptist Church, Founded 1863 by Rev. R. Woodson; Rebuilt 1951; Rev. P. Higgens, Pastor; Rev. S. Coleman, Asst." This building was a cinder block structure, destroyed March 18, 1972; arson was a rumored cause of the second fire. For the second rebuilding in 1979, the church placed a cornerstone engraved "Cartersville Baptist Church, Rebuilt 1979, Pastor Samuel B. Pearson; Chairman Deacons Delbert T. Wooden."

The church cemetery is the final resting place for some of the church's original congregants, some of whom have descendants still attending services there. Most of the church records were lost in the multiple fires, so the identities and exact locations of burials are uncertain. Additionally, some of the land holding the graveyard was sold and is now part of a housing development, and other burials are under the parking lot.

Cartersville is the name of a predominantly African-American community outside Reston, Virginia. The town of Cartersville in central Virginia is home to a church of the same name. The Fairfax County History Commission placed a historical marker in front of the church in 2005.

Fairfax County Virginia.. Cartersville Baptist Church, Fairfax County Cemetery Survey. Accessed November 14th 2019.

Lee, Demi. Cartersville Baptist Church Shares its Diverse 153-Year History, Fairfax County Times. October 16th 2016. Accessed November 14th 2019.

Swain, Craig. Cartersville Baptist Church, Historical Marker Database. August 24th 2007. Accessed November 14th 2019.

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