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Tannenbaum Historic Park

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art ()

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Tannenbaum Historic Park offers a recreation of the Hoskins’ Farm. The farm was a key landmark in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. A clapboard-faced log cabin which was built by members of the Hoskins family in the early 1800s is preserved at the park. A forge, barn and kitchen has been recreated to show how the farm appeared during the battle. A story is told about the farm and its role in the American Revolution in interpretive panels.

Tannenbaum Historic Park offers a recreation of the Hoskins Farm where General Greene's American militia battled against General Cornwallis and the British troops.

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Joseph and Sarah Hoskins lived near Valley Forge in Pennsylvania when the American Revolution erupted. Like many other families, they had been devastated by the war. In order to escape the difficulties brought on by the war, they moved to the Piedmont region of North Carolina in 1778. Their home was located near Guilford Courthouse. From their arrival in North Carolina in 1778 to 1781, the Hoskins’ labored to open fields, plant and harvest crops, and do everything in their power to start a new life for themselves. By 1781 they managed to put together a farm of 150-acres. Unfortunately, that same year the war had reached their doorsteps once again.

American and British armies swept through the area in February 1781 during a period referred to “Race to the Dan”. Nathaniel Greene won the race and was able to move his army across the Dan River before General Cornwallis could catch them. Not long after, the Battle of Guilford Courthouse followed. The farm suffered damage during the battle. Fortunately, the family survived and remained on the land for several more years.

On March 15, 1781, having learned that his American counterpart General Nathaniel Greene had formed his army at Guilford Courthouse, Cornwallis advanced up the Great Salisbury Wagon Road (today's New Garden Road) to meet him. As he reached the 150-acre Hoskins Farm, the British general's lead troops discovered the first American line of battle formed behind a rail fence with two pieces of cannon aimed directly down the road.

After finding out General Nathaniel Greene had formed his army at Guilford Courthouse, on March 15, 1781, General Cornwallis moved along the Great Salisbury Wagon Road (now New Garden Road) to meet Greene. Upon arriving at the Hoskins 150-acre farm, the British troops found the first American line of battle formed behind a rail fence. The American troops aiming two pieces of cannon directly down the road towards the British Troops. Cornwallis proceeded to move his 1,800 men onto the grounds and fields of the farm.

The British troops formed their lines and deployed their own cannon. They were preparing for the approaching fight. A cannonade took place for 30 minutes. The British troops began advancing toward the American militia ahead of them. This began the Battle of Guilford Courthouse which became a key battle in the American Revolution. Greene led the American troops to cause great devastation to the British troops before retreating from the field in good order.

Although Cornwallis secured a tactical victory on the ground at Hoskins Farm, he had to fall back to the coast of Wilmington to obtain more supplies and regroup. In the fall he was trapped at Yorktown and forced to surrender. It was the battle that took place on the Hoskins Farm that set these events into motion.

Sources

"Tannenbaum Historic Park - Greensboro, North Carolina." Explore Southern History. Web. 26 July 2015.

Address
2200 New Garden Rd
Greensboro, NC 27410
Tags
  • Military History
This location was created on 2015-07-26 by Laura Maple .   It was last updated on 2015-07-27 by Laura Maple .

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