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J.E.B. Stuart Monument
Other historic sites surrounding Stuart Circle include First English Evangelical Lutheran Church and St. John’s United Church of Christ.
In 1861, Stuart left the U.S. Army to join Confederate forces, where he served under Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson and was quickly promoted to Colonel and later Major General. He earned a reputation for his skill in reconnaissance and in commanding troops, though his lack of success during the Gettysburg Campaign tarnished his reputation. In 1864, he was shot in the Battle of Yellow Tavern in Henrico, Virginia, near Richmond, and died the next day.
The statue of General J.E.B. Stuart on Monument Avenue was funded by the city of Richmond and the Veteran Cavalry Association of the Army of Northern Virginia, founded in 1891 specifically to erect the Stuart monument. The statue was unveiled May 30, 1907, in a ceremony attended by the widows of Stuart and Stonewall Jackson, along with a crowd of Confederate veterans. Stuart's aide de camp, Theodore Garrett, gave the address (the full text of which is available in the links). Garrett's speech extolls Stuart's "patriotism and pure life," "heroic spirit," and "glorious memory," and recounts his military encounters from before and throughout the Civil War. The Stuart monument's dedication was part of a larger trend, the "Lost Cause" movement, which sought to minimize the horror of slavery and the central role of slavery in the South's attempt to secede. The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries saw a sharp increase in public art dedicated to the Confederacy, particularly in the South. During this time, states were enacting oppressive, segregationist Jim Crow laws while the Ku Klux Klan (formed immediately after the Civil War) revived dramatically.
Along with the other Confederate
statues on Monument Avenue, the Stuart statue has been scrutinized in the wake
of the shooting at the African American church in South Carolina in 2016, and
more so since the nearby Charlottesville protests in August of 2017. The
statues of Lee and Davis have both been spray-painted on multiple occasions
since 2012, and the weekend after Charlottesville, pine tar was splattered
across the Stuart monument. Because of the activities of white supremacists at
Confederate monuments since August, Richmond's mayor, the Virginia attorney
general, and the NAACP have called for the removal of the Monument Avenue
statues to a more appropriate location.
SourcesLandsman, Daniel. "Lee's Cumbersome Cavalry: J.E.B. Stuart's Troubled Ride to Gettysburg." Civil War Trust. Accessed February 20, 2017. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg/gettysburg-history-articles/lees-cumbersom.html?refe....
"J.E.B. Stuart." Civil War Trust. Accessed February 20, 2017. http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/jeb-stuart.html?referrer=https://www.google.de....
"Monument Avenue Historic District." National Park Service. Accessed February 20, 2017. https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/richmond/monumentavehd.html.
Spears, Katarina. Richmond's Landmarks. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2012. p. 35.
Richmond Times-Dispatch Staff. "Pine tar splattered on base of J.E.B. Stuart statue on Monument Avenue in Richmond." August 26, 2017. Accessed September 6, 2017.
J.E.B. Stuart MAJOR GENERAL Commander of the Cavalry Corps Army of Northern Virginia CSA AN ADDRESS Delivered at the Unveiling of the Equestrian Statue of General Stuart at Richmond Virginia May 30 1907 BY THEODORE GARNETT HIS AIDE DE CAMP. New York and Washington THE NEALE PUBLISHING COMPANY 1907.
Southern Poverty Law Center. "Whose Heritage? Public Symbols of the Confederacy." 2017. Accessed August 20, 2017. https://www.splcenter.org/sites/default/files/whoseheritage_splc.pdf.
Richmond, VA 23220
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