Is this your first time here?

Each day, Clio connects thousands of people to nearby culture and history. Our website and mobile app are free for everyone and designed to make it easy to discover cultural and historical sites throughout the United States. You can search for nearby sites, take a walking tour, create your own itinerary, or simply go for a walk or drive and let Clio show you nearby sites using our mobile app. Clio is non-profit and free for everyone thanks to the support of people like you. Donations are tax- deductible! Click here to learn more!

Queen Liliuokalani Statue

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art ()

Listen

Queen Liliuokalani was the first female monarch to take the throne and the last of the Hawaii kingdom’s rulers. She would be remembered for the way she loved the Hawaiian people, the poetry she shared through music and her work of creating a new Constitution to limit voting rights to the Hawaiian people and reestablish power to the monarchy. However, not everyone saw her grace and the sacredness of the Hawaiian monarchy. Sugar planters from American wanted Hawaii for their own greedy purposes. They saw the Constitutional reforms as a reason to seize power and propose the island to the United States for annexation. US Marines, staged a coup, surrounded Queen Liliuokalani’s palace with arms ready to battle. Liliuokalani agreed to step down from her throne, only if she would be allowed to present her view on the events that occurred on her ancestor’s land to Congress.

She cautioned the leaders of her people to avoid a riot, or any confrontation and wait for tensions to calm. Queen Liliuokalani, and her people continued to present their rights, and opinions in non- violent ways, including writing treaties and providing speeches about her people’s civil liberties. Whether or not to annex Hawaii was a continuous back and forth battle in United States politics. However, the government changed when the Great War began. Hawaii was a strategic location halfway between the Philippines and West Coast. After a simple, ratification of two- thirds vote from the Senate, the resolution passed making Hawaii a US territory in 1900. She spent the rest of her life being a model of forgiveness and standing up her heritage. Queen Liliuokalani worked to preserve Hawaiian traditions: writing and playing songs, sharing her cultural heritage, and helping people in need. Before her death, she established the Liliuokalani Trust to be used to help orphaned Hawaiian children. Queen Liliuokalani said this in her memoir, "I could not turn back the time for the political change, but there is still time to save our heritage. You must remember never to cease to act because you fear you may fail.”


Queen Liliuokalani was the first female monarch to take the throne and the last of the Hawaii kingdom’s rulers.
“The Hawaiian people have been from time immemorial lovers of poetry and music, and have been apt in improvising historic poems, songs of love, and chants of worship so that praises."
In face of war, she kept the peace to save her people and heritage. She promoted a Consitution for the people of Hawaii to be free and capable to make the right decisions.
Queen Liliuokalani worked to preserve Hawaiian traditions: writing and playing songs, sharing her cultural heritage, and helping people in need.

Listen

     “There is an extinct mountain in the background of the city of Honolulu, which is known as the “Punch- Bowl”. On the ground lays the Queen’s Hospital (named after Queen Emma of Kamehameha IV) was Queen Liliuokalani was born, Sept. 2, 1838. Liliuokalani’s chosen name at birth was Lydia Liliʻu Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamakaʻeha.” According to Hawaiian culture, parents gave new names to their children, giving thoughtful consideration to their meaning. Traditionally, names usually come from dreams or visions. Events before or during a child’s birth were thought to be momentous in the naming process. In the Queen's case, her aunt had formed an eye infection during her birth. “Therefore, “Liliʻu” means “starting”; “Loloku”, “tearful”; “Walania”, “a burning pain”; and “Kamakaʻeha”, “sore eyes”.” Although many people can find naming a child after an eye infection as strange, Hawaiian culture does not recognize these names as “unlucky” or “terrible”; they celebrate the time of the child’s birth.1-17

   Immediately after Queen Liliuokalani’s birth, she was taken to the house of another chief on the island, where she was adopted by her foster-mom, Konia, and her foster- dad, Paki. She didn’t meet her birth parents until later in life. Her royal heritage comes from her birth father “one of the high-ranking chieftess who served as an adviser to King Kamehameha III.” She had one sister who was raised with her Bernice, and over ten other siblings she never truly knew till later. They were also adopted by other chiefs. Continuous adoption, she mentions in her memoir, may seem strange to other cultures. However, this was completely normal to Hawaiian life. By the age of four, she went to Royal School, a boarding- school run by missionaries for children who had a claim to a throne. Queen Liliuokalani learned the proper use of the English language and was sent to bed hungry some nights. “A thick slice of bread covered with molasses was usually the sole article of their supper,” Queen Liliuokalani said in her memoir. She remembers looking in the gardens with others for esculent root or leaves they could cook. Her next educational experiences would be better suited for her mind. 1-17

     As a young girl, Queen Liliuokalani was a “studious girl”; her passion became acquiring knowledge, especially musically. Queen Liliuokalani said, “The Hawaiian people have been from time immemorial lovers of poetry and music, and have been apt in improvising historic poems, songs of love, and chants of worship so that praises of the living or wails over the dead were with them but the natural state of their feeling.” When she was in school, her instructors recognized her love and ability in reading music. Composing became “natural as breathing.” Queen Liliuokalani wrote multiple compositions, she began to lose count. She is credited with over 160 songs, including one of her cherished songs “Aloha ‘Oe.” She would retain her interest in music and poetry, producing more than 160 songs over the course of her life, including the beloved "Aloha 'Oe" (“Farwell to Thee”), which can be heard in the Disney Channel film “Leo and Stich”. The song is a parting between two lovers. Queen Liliuokalani observed Colonel James Boyd and a young girl Maunawili in a loving farewell. When she made her way up a cliff, down a valley and into the whirling winds back to Honolulu she began to hum a dreamy tune. She also created one version of the “Hawaiian National Anthem”, it would remain the song of the nation for twenty years, until her brother composed the words of Hawaii Ponoi. He was the king at the time, and he was the one to give directions to the band.1-17

     Her brother, King Kalakaua started ruling on February 12, 1874. He organized the negotiation of a treaty of closer alliance with the United States. Before they left home on their first trip to the America, King Kalakaua appointed a judge and minister to submit a treaty to the United States. However, the homeliness of America would soon change gears. King Kalakaua was held at gunpoint and forced to sign a new constitution. It became known as the “Bayonet Constitution”; it diminished the control of the Hawaiian monarchy, and only allowed men of a particular heritage could vote. After King Kalakaua passed in 1891, Queen Liliuokalani was declared queen; “the first female monarch of Hawaii to rule in her own right.”1-17

     She saw the need for her country to have a new constitution, which challenged the unlawful rules of the Bayonet Constitution. The constitution has 81 articles including (1) All people were free to worship God according to their own beliefs. This was considered a sacred privilege, and must not be used to disrupt peace or safety of Hawaii. (2) The Queen is the Commander a Chief of the Army and Navy; she would be the one to appoint officials and train and lead forces to defend the kingdom. However, she cannot declare war without the permission of the legislative assembly. (3) The only people who are not allowed to vote are those who commit crimes. People were allowed to vote no matter the ethnicity. Queen Liliuokalani also continued to challenge other laws prohibiting the practice of the Hawaiian language in schools, and get back “voting rights for nonwhite labourers”. However, her constitution would never be used. The United States and sugar planters saw this as a treat, and excuse to take hold of Hawaii.1-17

     US Marines, staged a coup, surrounded Queen Liliuokalani’s palace with arms ready to battle. Liliuokalani agreed to step down from her throne, only if, she would be allowed to present her view on the events that occurred on her ancestor’s land to Congress. She cautioned the leaders of her people to avoid a riot, or any confrontation and wait for tranquilly. Queen Liliuokalani and her people continued to present their rights, and opinions in non- violent ways, including writing treaties and providing speeches about her people’s civil liberties. Whether or not to annex Hawaii was a continuous back and forth battle in the United States politics. However, the government changed when the Great War began. Hawaii was a strategic location halfway between the Philippines and West Coast. After a simple, ratification of two- thirds vote from the Senate, the resolution passes to make Hawaii a US territory in 1900. She spent the rest of her life being a model of forgiveness and standing up her heritage. Queen Liliuokalani worked to preserve Hawaiian traditions: writing and playing songs, sharing her cultural heritage, and helping others. Before her death, she established the Liliuokalani Trust to be used to help orphaned Hawaiian children. Queen Liliuokalani said this in her memoir, "I could not turn back the time for the political change, but there is still time to save our heritage. You must remember never to cease to act because you fear you may fail."1-17

Sources

Trip Advisor. https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g60982-d9764074-Reviews-Queen_Liliuokalani_Statue-Hono.... 1

Quotabelle, Inc.. Queen Liliuokalani. quotabelle. http://www.quotabelle.com/quote/i-could-not-turn-back-the-time. 2

LILIUOKALANI, Penn State. HAWAII'S STORY BY HAWAII'S QUEEN. Celebration of Women's Writers. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/liliuokalani/hawaii/hawaii.html. Publisher: Boston: Lee and Shepard3

Staton, Ron. The Iolani Palace in Honolulu tells story of Hawaiian monarchy. Lincoln Journal Star. May 07, 2004. http://journalstar.com/lifestyles/the-iolani-palace-in-honolulu-tells-story-of-hawaiian-monarchy/art.... 3

Queen Lili‘uokalani. "Hawaii Alive." 1898 Diary of Queen Lili‘uokalani. Published May 12, 1898. http://www.hawaiialive.org/realms.php?sub=wao+lani&treasure=344&offset=0. 4

Takazono, Wayne. Queen Liliuokalani 1883. Cedar Street Galleries. http://www.cedarstreetgalleries.com/bin/detail.cgi?ID=1883. 5

Engel, KeriLynn. Queen Liliʻuokalani, first and last queen regnant of Hawaii. AWH. September 27, 2012. http://www.amazingwomeninhistory.com/queen-liliuokalani-first-and-last-queen-regnant-of-hawaii/. 6


WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. Liliuokalani QUEEN OF HAWAII. ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Liliuokalani. 7

Biography.com Editors. Liliuokalani Biography.com Queen(1838–1917). the Biography website. August 20, 2015. https://www.biography.com/people/liliuokalani-39552. 8

"Lydia Kamakaeha Liliuokalani.Encyclopedia of World Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.9




Project Muse. The Queen Writes Back Lili'uokalani's Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen. Project Muse. http://muezproxy.marshall.edu:2354/article/185520. 10

Alchin, Linda. Queen Liliuokalani. american-historama. http://www.american-historama.org/1881-1913-maturation-era/queen-liliuokalani-of-hawaii.htm. © 2017 Siteseen11

SAMUEL PARKER, A. P. PETERSON, WM. H. CORNWELL. Draft Constitution of January 14, 1893.. Legal Document Index. https://www.hawaii-nation.org/constitution-1893.html. 12

Aloha Quest.. The Proposed Constitution of 1893. Kingdom of Hawai`i Constitutions. http://hawaiianbar.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Proposed-Con.pdf. 13

onipaa.org. History. Lili‘u Loloku Trust. http://onipaa.org/pages/her-history. 14

Carroll, Erin. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani: Quotes & Biography. Study.com. http://study.com/academy/lesson/hawaiian-queen-liliuokalani-quotes-biography.html. 15

history.com editors. LILIUOKALANI. history.com. http://www.history.com/topics/liliuokalani.

e Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942.. Hawaiian Annexation. U.S. History. http://www.ushistory.org/us/44b.asp. e Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942.16

http://www.huapala.org/Aloha/Aloha_Oe.html. http://www.huapala.org/Aloha/Aloha_Oe.html.

National Geographic. 1887: BAYONET CONSTITUTION. National Geographic. July 06, 2017. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/jul6/bayonet-constitution/. 17



Photo: http://www.aloha-hawaii.com/hawaii/queen-liliuokalani/.

http://kahunateachings.com/hawaiian-values/tribute-hawaiis-queen-liliuokalani-birthday/.


Address
415 S Beretania St.
Honolulu , HI 96813
Tags
  • Cultural History
  • Ethnic History and Immigration
  • Music and Entertainment History
  • Political and Diplomatic History
  • Women’s History
  • Western/National Expansion
This location was created on 2017-10-24 by Amanda Young .   It was last updated on 2017-12-03 by Amanda Young .

This entry has been viewed 894 times within the past year

Comments

  • No comments found.

Join The Discussion

Only registered users can comment. Registration is completely free!

Login / Register

ResponsiveVoice used under Non-Commercial License