Founded in 1838 and spanning over 478 acres, Green-Wood Cemetery is where all important and wealthy residents of New York would have been buried in the nineteenth century. Among those interned at this cemetery are the infamous New York political boss William Magear, more commonly known as “Boss”, Tweed. Henry Chadwick is also buried here. Chadwick was an influential journalist who was instrumental in popularizing the sport of baseball.
Backstory and Context
The site itself was of historical importance before the building of the cemetery. The land Green-Wood is built on was the site of a major Revolutionary War Battle, The Battle of Long Island. Also known as the Battle of Brooklyn or the Battle of Brooklyn Heights and fought in 1776, this was the war’s largest battle in terms of number of troops. It was also the first battle of import fought after the US declared independence on July 4, 1776. It was a defeat for the US Army under George Washington and allowed the British to gain control of New York City. It is also part of the Civil War Discovery Trail and is home to important historical Civil War Graves.
The grounds are also a hub for birdwatchers and part of the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary System.