Oriole Park at Camden Yards
Also called "Oriole Park" or "Camden Yards," this stadium was completed in 1992 and replaced the old Memorial Stadium for the Baltimore Orioles. Architecturally inspired by the classic look of historic jewel box parks, it was the first of the "retro" major league ballparks. Located in Baltimore in the Camden Yards Sports Complex, the stadium is situated just blocks from historic sites near the Inner Harbor, including the birthplace of Babe Ruth. Its amenities include a picnic area for fans, sculptures of renowned baseball players, and a seating capacity of 45,971.
Backstory and Context
The front entrance features a statue of Babe Ruth simply named "Babes Dream." Also in the area of Babe's statue are sculptures indicating the retired Orioles jersey numbers. Six bronze sculptures of Orioles greats are located in the walking zone of the area behind the bullpens. These are easily visible from the picnic area inside the stadium.2
George H. W. Bush threw the first ceremonial pitch on April 6th, 1992, and the first major league pitch was thrown by Rick Sutcliffe in the same game. Notable historical events at this stadium include Cal Ripken Jr.'s record-setting 2,131st consecutive game, Ripken's 278th record-breaking home run, and Eddie Murray's 500th home run. Pope John Paul II celebrated mass at this location as part of his 1995 visit to Baltimore.3
The design of Camden Yards was the first of an architectural trend in stadium-building, a design referred to as the "retro-classic" style. This style includes all the luxuries of the newer parks, but with aesthetics that recall the old jewel box parks.4 Many ballparks were influenced by Camden Yards' retro-classic architecture, including AT&T Park in San Francisco, California and Citi Field in Queens, New York.5