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Irvington is one of Indianapolis's first planned suburban neighborhoods. The community was incorporated in 1873, and by the early 1900s was a favored gathering place of some of the city's best writers and artists. The Irvington Historical Society works to preserve and share the history of this community and offers a small gallery of exhibits drawn from their collections in the Bona Thompson Memorial Library which was the center of the Butler University when it was located in Irvington.

  • The Benton House in Irvington
  • The Masonic Lodge, Irvington
  • The Irvington Historical Society is located in the Bona Thompson Memorial Library, the last remaining building of the old Butler University campus
  • South Circle and fountain
  • The Stephenson Mansion during winter
One of the oldest planned suburban neighborhoods in Indianapolis, Irvington was the work of Sylvester Johnson and Jacob Julian, both abolitionist lawyers. They bought the land in 1870 and hired the surveyor Robert Howard, to plan its development. Howard planned the new community with winding streets, a public park, and set aside land to be used for educational purposes.

In the 1870s, Irvington won a competition to be the site of Northwestern Christian University, which opened in 1875. The university's policies were quite progressive for the time, admitting both women and African Americans. The school's liberal admission policies were a reflection of the Quaker and abolitionist worldview of Irvington's founders. The university remained in Irvington until 1928, when it was moved to the north side of the city.

With the development of a light rail service in 1900, a new public school, and the annexation of Irvington in 1902 increased the number of residents in the community. By the early 1900s, the area was home to some of the city's best artists and writers, including Kin Hubbard, who was the creator of the cartoon Abe Martin. The community was home to an artists' colony as well as a movement, the Irvington Group, which included such well-known Indiana artists as Dorothy Morlan, William Forsyth, and Clifton and Hilah Wheeler. 

Numerous architectural styles can be seen in Irvington, including the French Empire home of Silence Benton, who served as president of Butler University for a number of years in the 1800s. The Julian house is a fine example of Italianate architecture and was the home of George Washington Julian, the brother of Jacob Julian, one of Irvington's co-founders. Julian served two terms in Congress and because of his well-known reputation as an abolitionist, hosted both Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth in his home at 115 S. Audubon. His daughter, Grace Julian Clarke, shared her father's progressive sensibilities, working as a leader in the suffragette movement and as the first female columnnist for the Indianapolis Star.

The Irvington Historic District also has another claim to fame.  A small cottage at 5811 Julian Avenue occupies the spot that was once the home of serial killer H. H. Holmes, famous for having built his "murder castle" in Chicago at the 1893 World's Fair. The original structure no longer stands; only the basement of the current cottage was there when Holmes lived at the address.Holmes rented the home on Julian Avenue the year after the World's Fair.

Irvington is currently home to numerous residences, a varied business district, the last remaining buildings from Butler University, as well as churches of many faiths.
Young, Julie (16 Jun 2008). Historic Irvington. Arcadia Publishing.

Sankowsky, Lorri and Young, Keri. Ghost Hunter's Guide to Indianapolis. p. 149