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In 2005, the Camp Curtin Historical Society erected a memorial for Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins that once stood on the grounds of the Rupp House. It was one of a handful of Confederate monuments dedicated in the 21st century and featured a bronze portrait of Jenkins and a plaque with a short biography. Above the portrait were crossed sabers representing his command of a cavalry brigade. The monument was removed in 2020 during a time when many other Confederate memorials were taken down nationwide. Jenkins stayed in the house for a short time during the Gettysburg campaign.

Gen. Albert Gallatin Jenkins (1830-1864) served as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He died from his wounds suffered at the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain in Virginia in May, 1864..

Gen. Albert Gallatin Jenkins (1830-1864) served as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He died from his wounds suffered at the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain in Virginia in May, 1864..

Jenkins, as he appeared in the Civil War.

Photograph, Beard, Black, Human

Confederate Commanders 1865 (1 of 2)

Confederate Commanders 1865 (1 of 2)

Albert Gallatin Jenkins

Albert Gallatin Jenkins was born on 10 November 1830 at Green Bottom, West Virginia. Jenkins attended Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania between the ages of 14 and 18. In 1848, Jenkins went to Harvard University to study law. He got admitted to the bar in 1850, and by 1856 he was working for the National Democratic Convention as a delegate. The following year in 1857 he was elected to represent the 36th and 37th district in Congress. Jenkins decided to join the Confederates in April 1861, resigning from his position in Congress.

Once he returned to Green Bottom, he took command of a riflemen company. Unsatisfied with ordinary riflemen, Jenkins (Captain at this time) converted his troops into cavalrymen. His company (E Company) went by the name Border Rangers. Jenkins lead his troops into combat on July 17, 1861, at the Battle of Scary Creek. He took command from Colonel George S. Patton (father of the famous WWII general) after he received wounds and panic spread. For his victory, Jenkins got promoted Colonel of the Eighth Virginia Regiment. E Company was still under his command.

In 1862 Jenkins was elected to represent the 14th Virginia Congressional District under the first Congress of Confederate States. He spent less than six months in Congress before being named to the position of Brigadier General. In 1864 Jenkins was appointed Commander of the Department of Western Virginia and he took his men to Cloyd's Mountain to defend against a Union offensive led by Brigadier General George Cook. General Cook's men broke through Jenkins defenses in a battle that began on May 9th, 1864 and left Jenkins severely wounded. Union troops captured him, who succumbed to the wounds he suffered at Cloyd's Mountain and died 24 May 1864.


The decision to create a monument for Jenkins was controversial owing to his deadly raids on civilian communities throughout this region that included the theft of horses and other personal property. The forays of raiders into this area of Pennsylvania also included the kidnapping of former slaves and free people of color, with raiders selling these people into bondage. Jenkins is also a controversial figure he routinely withdrew rather than face equal or superior numbers of federal troops. While Jenkins and his raiders won important victories in the early years of the war and were usually victorious against small detachments of home guards, his decision to abandon supplies at Chambersburg rather than face federal troops in the summer of 1863 typified the final years of his military career.

"Jenkins, Albert Gallatin," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,

Johnson, Flora Smith. The Civil War Record of Albert Gallatin Jenkins, C.S.A. West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Accessed February 22, 2017.

"Monument Dedicated!." The Bugle, 15 ed, 2 sec, 1-4. Quarterly Journal of the Camp Curtin Historical Society and Civil War Round Table, Inc. Summer 2005.

Soodalter, Ron. "The Invasions of Pennsylvania." Disunion Series, The New York Times. June 26, 2013.

Image Sources(Click to expand)

All images via the Marshall University Special Collections