Pavilion IV is one of ten pavilions on the Lawn of the University of Virginia. Like the other structures within the Academical Village (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), this pavilion was designed by Thomas Jefferson. It is modeled after the Temple of Albano in the south of Rome. The building is distinguishable by its coat of red paint, a legacy of its first occupant, George Blaetterman, Professor of Modern Languages.
Backstory and Context
Pavilion IV is situated on the East side of the Lawn. Like the other pavilions, it was designed by Jefferson and represents a specific architectural order; in this case, the Doric order. Its design was inspired by the depiction of the Doric Order of the Temple of Albano in Roland Freart de Chambray's Parallele. Originally, it featured a three-bay temple-front with a central door. The door was relocated to the south end during a renovation. The triple-sash "walk-out" windows are similar to those used at Monticello. In 1984, this pavilion received the Charles E. Peterson Prize, First Place.
This structure was intended to serve as faculty housing and a lecture hall. The first occupant of Pavilion IV was a professor of Modern Languages, George Blaetterman. He is notorious for shirking his duties, constructing a smokehouse in the yard, and for painting Pavilion IV red. Blaetterman was excused from his position in 1838. From 1904 to 1948 the building housed the office of the University's president. Since 1948, however, it has been a faculty residence.
Behind the structure is a boxwood garden planted by Professor Schele de Vere.
"U.Va. Web Map: Pavilion IV." The University of Virginia. Accessed March 29, 2017. http://www.Virginia.edu/webmap/popPages/pavilion4.html.
"University of Virginia, Pavilion IV, East Lawn, University of Virginia Campus, Charlottesville, Charlottesville, VA." The Library of Congress. Accessed March 29, 2017. http://www.loc.gov/item/va1303/.
Pavilion IV; image by Daniel Latorre, un-distorted and cropped by User: Ibn Battuta - Flickr: University of Virgina, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12882725.
View of the Lawn; image by Daniel Latorre - Flickr: University of Virgina, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12882574.
1856 Lithograph; image by Edward Sachse - uncropped image: commercial website www.ushistoricalarchive.com, there labeled "High Quality Gorgeous Panoramic Map of University of Virginia, Virginia created in 1856." Enlarged Image of portion of Map, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5290153.