Schofield Veterans Cemetery, Schofield Barracks
Backstory and Context
Schofield Barracks is the largest Army base on Oahu Island, in Hawaii. It was named after Lieutenant General John M. Schofield, who served as the Secretary of War and the Commanding General of the US Army. The base was named in honor of him because of his recognition of the urgency to establish a base on Oahu, forty years before its construction. Schofield's recommendation included the US building a Naval base next to Pearl Harbor.
In 1875, the US signed a Reciprocity Treaty with the Hawaiian Kingdom, and in 1887 they gained exclusive rights to the harbor. After Hawaii's annexation in 1898, improvements were made to expand Pearl Harbor so it could accommodate warships. Construction of Schofield Barracks began in 1909 to prepare the base for the Army’s mobile defense of Pearl Harbor and the defense of the entire island. Even though construction officially began in 1909, the base was actually established in 1908.
Along with the United States Army’s 25th Infantry Division, Schofield Barracks also housed the Command Headquarters for the United States Army Hawaii, The Tropic Lightning Division, and the 8th Theatre Sustainment Command. The Tropic Regions Test Center was relocated to the Schofield Barracks when the United States Panama Installations were closed. The East Range of the Schofield Barracks is used for soldier system and chemical-biological defense testing.
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