Backstory and Context
Thomas Taylor, Jr. was born to a distinguished family. He was the great-grandson of Colonel Thomas Taylor, who served in the Revolutionary War and owned a plantation that was chosen in the 1790s to be the site of the City of Columbia. Taylor was a prominent and influential figure in Columbia in the early 1900s, serving in a number of roles including as the president of the Taylor Manufacturing Company, vice president and secretary of the Carolina Glass Company, and the second vice president of the Palmetto National Bank and Trust Company.
The family donated the house to the Columbia Art Association in 1949, which was established that year. The Association converted the Taylor House into the Columbia Museum of Art, which opened the next year. The museum remained here until it moved to its current location in 1998. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 and is a designated as a Grade 1 Local Landmark.
"1501 Senate Street." Historic Columbia. Accessed April 28, 2021. https://www.historiccolumbia.org/tour-locations/1501-senate-street.
"Historic Taylor House." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. July 6, 1982. http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/richland/S10817740068/S10817740068.pdf.
Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taylor_House_left_oblique.jpg