Holy Name Cathedral
Built in 1875, four years after the Great Chicago Fire, Holy Name Cathedral sits on Chicago's famous State Street amidst Chicago's towering skyscrapers. Holy Name operates as the seat for the Chicago Archdioceses, one of the largest and most influential Roman Catholic archdioceses in the United States. It also serves as a reminder of the influence of the church in Chicago and its neighborhoods, which increasingly grew Catholic as Germans, Irish, Polish and other immigrants from predominantly Catholic nations arrived in Chicago.
Backstory and Context
As well, churches served as community centers. Churches, notably through the work of its nuns, provided new-coming immigrants assistance as they attempted to adjust to America (and Chicago). Immigrants relied on the church for finding jobs, day care services, English classes, financial assistance, nursing, and a host of other "social services." Moreover, churches often operated or managed schools and hospitals.
- Colossal bronze doors that weigh 1,200 pounds each and feature a "Tree of Life" theme.
- A bishop's throne, or cathedra.
- An ornate altar adorned with artwork and tabletop comprised of nearly 12,000 pounds (six tons) of reddish-black granite.
- Large, suspended resurrection crucifix along with bronze and marble "Stations of the Cross" display adorning the walls.
- Two pipe organs, one noticeably large and the other a smaller version.
- Numerous bronze statues of Biblical figures, as well as bronze panels depicting the Holy Names of Jesus.
"Holy Name Cathedral." Chicago Architecture Foundation. Accessed June 20, 2018. http://www.architecture.org/architecture-chicago/buildings-of-chicago/building/holy-name-cathedral/.
Holy Name Cathedral. holynamecathedral.com. Accessed June 20, 2018. http://holynamecathedral.org/.
Lane, George A., S.J. "Church Architecture" Newberry Library: Encyclopedia of Chicago. Accessed June 20, 2018. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1058.html
Rosswurm, Steve. "Roman Catholics." Newberry Library: Encyclopedia of Chicago. Accessed June 20, 2018. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1090.html
Holy Name Cathedral on State.: By Gerald Farinas at English Wikipedia, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3591547
Holy Name Cathedral, looking towards the altar: Eric Alex Rogers, via Open House Chicago: https://openhousechicago.org/sites/site/holy-name-cathedral-a-roman-catholic-church/
Post-2009-Fire: By Eric Chan from Hollywood, United States - interior of the newly restored Holy Name Cathedral, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7829494