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Fort Hill: National Historic Landmark

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This is a contributing entry for Fort Hill: National Historic Landmark and only appears as part of that tour.Learn More.
The fourth bedroom, which was originally a dressing room, was likely the bedroom of the fourth son, James Edward Calhoun (1826-1861). Named after James Edward Colhoun, James studied law and eventually went to California to seek a fortune. He died tragically, without children. This is the only bedroom in the home that does not have a fireplace. In addition to being a bedroom, it also served as an overflow room for when the house was full of guests. The single Jenny Lind spool bed belonged to the Clemsons. The small liquor chest atop Clemson's overseas chest belonged to General Andrew Pickens and was used for traveling.

James Edward Calhoun Bedroom

James Edward Calhoun Bedroom

Jenny Lind style bed

Jenny Lind style bed

Susan Clemson Richardson

Susan Clemson Richardson

Susan Clemson Richardson:

Susan was born around 1828; after Thomas Green Clemson's marriage to Anna Maria Calhoun in 1838, Susan was given to Anna Clemson by her father to serve as Anna's personal enslaved domestic worker. Daphne, Susan's mother served as wet nurse to the Clemson children. It is unknown if Bill Laurence, Susan's father, was enslaved at Fort Hill, but his surname implies that he was likely enslaved by the neighboring Lawrence Family.

When the Clemsons moved to Cane Break plantation in Saluda in January 1844, Susan, Daphne, Bill Laurence, and her brother Benjamin were given to the Clemsons by John C. Calhoun. Susan, like her parents and brother, were sold to Alfred Long Dearing in December 1850. At some point, Susan began working for the Edwards family and it is unknown if this occurred prior to emancipation.

Around 1850, Susan married Bill Richardson who was enslaved on a neighboring Edgefield District plantation. They had six to seven children, at least two of whom were sons. One son was named Tucker, who died in April 1910, and the other son was a contractor in Aiken who built a home for his mother in Aiken in 1904. Susan lived at this home on her son's property until her death sometime after April 1910. She was buried in Aiken.

A picture of Susan Clemson Richardson was donated to Clemson University by Myrtle Herlong in 1950's. Myrtle maternal grandparents were the Edwards family in Saluda who employed Susan for some time. She reported that Susan is listed in the records of the Red Bank Baptist Church which appears to be the church of the Edwards family.

“The African American Experience at Fort Hill | Clemson University, South Carolina,” accessed May 21, 2020,

“Educational Resources | Clemson University, South Carolina,” accessed May 21, 2020,

“Historic Properties | Clemson University, South Carolina,” accessed May 21, 2020,

“Susan Clemson Richardson | Clemson University, South Carolina,” accessed June 26, 2020,

Image Sources(Click to expand)

images courtesy of Fort Hill

images courtesy of Fort HIll