Remnant of the Four Seasons Hotel
The only remains of the Four Season Hotel stand just outside of the Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum.
1/2 of an ad in the Asheville Daily Citizen for the Four Seasons Hotel. Alexander Arthur was friend with the Vanderbilts, and admired the Biltmore Estate located there.
2/2 of an ad in the Asheville Daily Citizen for the Four Seasons Hotel.
The New York Tribune advertised to New Yorkers that the Four Seasons Hotel was an ideal winter getaway at only 28 hours away.
Johnson City, TN newspaper The Comet chronicled the Four Seasons Hotel's spiraling economic future.
The Four Seasons Hotel as it appeared in 1892. From a postcard.
Backstory and Context
The 700-room Four Seasons hotel opened on April 12, 1891, with a ball and banquet. The goal of the hotel was a part of Arthur's larger plan to make nearby Middlesboro, Kentucky, "the Pittsburgh of the South" - much like Middlesboro would mimic Middlesboro, England, Harrogate, Tennessee would mimic the spa town of Harrogate, England. However, after the Panic of 1893, the Four Seasons Hotel was dismantled and disappeared from the landscape, leaving only the 200-room Sanatorium. In 1897, the Trustees of Lincoln Memorial University Purchased the property and Sanatorium, later to become Grant-Lee Hall.
The comet. (Johnson City, Tenn.), 15 June 1893. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89058128/1893-06-15/ed-1/seq-1/>
New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]), 28 Dec. 1892. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1892-12-28/ed-1/seq-8/>
Sweet, Natalie. Images of America: Harrogate and Cumberland Gap. Charleston, South Carolina. Arcadia Publishing, 2014.
Suppiger, Joseph E. Phoenix of the Mountains: The Story of Lincoln Memorial University. Harrogate, TN: Lincoln Memorial University Press, 2001 (originally published in 1977).